Lifestyle diseases are usually linked with poor diet intake, physical inactivity, disturbed biological clock, smoking tobacco, and excessive alcohol use and drug abuse.
Obesity, heart diseases, type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure and stroke are all examples of lifestyle diseases. What’s really alarming is these diseases are on rise across the world. If we are to save us and our planet, we really need to take some really drastic measures.
Here’s a brief overview of lifestyle diseases that have led to hundreds of thousands of deaths across countries:
Obesity: It is a condition where an individual accumulates abnormal or excessive body fat that results in negative effects on health. India is said to be the third most obese country in the world. In past 10 years, the number of obese people has doubled in the country, according to the National Family Health Survey (NFHS-4) 2015-16. However, Indian Govt. seems very serious this time about the healthcare condition in India. Recently, the Finance Minister, Mr. Arun Jaitley, has announced a healthcare protection scheme which is world’s largest healthcare scheme funded by the government. In the budget, the government has planned to set-up 1.5 lakh wellness centers, 24 medical and government colleges and hospitals, and a healthcare plan of up to Rs. 5 lakh per family. The initiatives will create a strong demand for healthcare professionals in the coming years. An international MBA in healthcare management makes great sense for those seeking out lucrative career opportunities in India and abroad.
Type II Diabetes: It is a condition where the pancreas in the body does not produce enough insulin or the body’s cells stop responding to insulin. According to a Lancet study, China, India and USA are among the top three nations with a high number of diabetic patients. Diabetes is fast gaining the status of a potential epidemic in India with more than 69 million diabetic individuals. The causes of diabetes in India are multifactorial and include genetic factors coupled with environmental influences such as obesity which is further associated with rising living standards and lifestyle changes. Obesity attracts diabetes automatically and if your weigh heavy on scale you are on a higher risk side to catch type-2 diabetes. Young generation is susceptible to develop type-2 diabetes and all thanks to stressful life, social pressures and unhealthy eating habits.
High Blood Pressure: It is the pressure of circulating blood on the walls of blood vessels. A rare genetic defect has been found to cause high blood pressure. The study, led by scientists at Imperial College London, shows that the number of people with high blood pressure across the world has nearly doubled in 40 years. Today, we are consuming more processed and refined foods and less stress is being given on intake of fruits and vegetables therefore, most of our energy intake is in the form of carbohydrates, which was recently noted to be associated with poor health outcomes. Stress is the flipside of our hi-tech lifestyle accompanied with modernization. Hypertension, work pressure and stress are the major factors leaving even young generation with high blood pressure.
Coronary Heart Disease (CHD): It is a condition when cholesterol accumulates on the artery walls, creating plaques, narrowing of the coronary arteries, the blood vessels that supply oxygen and blood to the heart. This often results in blockage of the artery, reducing or blocking blood flow, and finally leading to a heart attack. It is also known as coronary artery disease. According to statistics there has been a 4-fold rise of CHD prevalence in India during the past 40 years. Epidemiologic studies have shown that there are at present over 30 million cases of CHD in India. Obesity often makes one vulnerable to coronary heart disease; leading to abnormalities that affect the heart muscle and blood vessel walls. Major contributory causes for this disease are smoking, diabetes, obesity and high cholesterol.
Stroke: It is a condition when brain does not receive enough oxygen or nutrients, causing brain cells to die. Strokes are brain attacks and need immediate medical attention to minimize the damage to the brain. The stroke incidence in India is much higher than Western industrialized countries and is one of the leading causes of death in India. Stress, diabetes and hypertension are the major risk factors. Hence, stress busters and breaks from professional life are very essential for you to avoid this life threatening disease. To avoid stroke eat healthy diet, including plenty of fruits, vegetables, and healthy whole grains, nuts, seeds, and legumes, and exercise regularly. Limit the use of cholesterol and saturated fats and minimize salt intake.
Knowledge is power. So read as much as possible about diseases, disorders, and ways to prevent and treat them.
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